The following Corporate guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The law as set out in this Practice Note may be affected by Brexit. For further details of its impact, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on corporate joint ventures.
When setting up a joint venture (JV), the parties will need to consider how the JV is to be funded, both initially and throughout the course of the joint venture. Although this note highlights the main funding issues faced by corporate JVs, the general principles apply across all JV structures.
The choice of funding methods may depend on:
the commercial objectives of the parties
the relative resources of the parties
whether the parties wish to and are able to fund the JV themselves or whether external funding will be required, and
The joint venture agreement (JVA) should set out details of how the initial and future funding requirements of the JV will be met.
The parties themselves will usually provide a significant proportion of the initial funding for a joint venture company (JVC) through a combination of:
equity—cash or non-cash assets provided in return for shares in the JVC, and
debt—loans to the joint venture company
Where the JVC is equity funded, distribution of profits will usually be by way of dividends paid by the JVC to its shareholders. The JVC may only distribute value
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