Food information and food labelling law
Produced in partnership with Dominic Watkins & Giles Bedloe of DWF LLP & Drystone Chambers
Food information and food labelling law

The following Corporate Crime guidance note Produced in partnership with Dominic Watkins & Giles Bedloe of DWF LLP & Drystone Chambers provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Food information and food labelling law
  • Food labelling law changes
  • Regulatory framework
  • Key obligations
  • Different responsibilities depending on position in supply chain
  • Mandatory food information
  • Distance selling
  • Non-prepacked foods
  • Additional labelling law in national regulations—Food Information Regulations 2014
  • Enforcement
  • more

Food labelling law changes

Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of 25 October 2011 on the provision of food information to consumers (FIC) established the general principles, requirements and responsibilities governing food information, and in particular food labelling, across the EU.

FIC applies to all prepacked food, non-prepacked food, food packed on premises for direct sale and that provided by mass caterers. There are differing requirements for the different food categories and for those at the various stages of the supply chain.

Regulatory framework

The FIC consolidated two directives into one piece of legislation, namely Directive 2000/13/EC on labeling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs, and Directive 90/496/EEC on nutrition labeling for foodstuffs.

While labelling law was harmonized under the old regime, because the FIC is a Regulation rather than a Directive (as under the old regime), it has direct effect in all Member States. This means that for the first time the exact language of food labelling law is harmonized across the EU and provides a simplified more certain system. Member States, however, are permitted to adopt national measures in a limited number of specified areas.

The Food Information Regulations 2014 (FIR 2014), SI 2014/1855 contain national enforcement provisions for England and some of the permitted national measures. The other three UK nations have equivalent national measures:

  1. Food Information (Wales) Regulations 2014, SI