Execution formalities—companies
Execution formalities—companies

The following Commercial practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Execution formalities—companies
  • Quick view
  • Simple contracts
  • Formalities—creating a valid contract
  • Execution by the company
  • Execution by common seal
  • Execution by signature of its officers
  • Execution on behalf of the company
  • Deeds
  • Formalities—creating a valid deed
  • More...

This Practice Note provides practical guidance on the execution of documents by companies after 6 April 2008 (being the date on which the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006) came into force). It covers the execution of deeds by companies and the execution of simple contracts by and on behalf of companies. Where practitioners are advising in relation to documents executed before 6 April 2008 (for example, in the event of a dispute), the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1985 should be considered.

In this Practice Note, it is assumed that the company executing the document in question is a private company governed by CA 2006 and that the document is in writing. For execution considerations for other legal entities, see: Execution—overview.

Quick view

The table below provides a brief overview of the execution formalities applicable to companies and where related precedent execution clauses can be found. For further information, navigate to the document type using the links in the first column.

Document typeCan be made:Document can be executed by:Precedents
Simple contractsBy the company.

See: CA 2006, s 43(1)(a).
Using the company seal (in accordance with the company’s articles of association).

See: CA 2006, s 44(1)(a).
Execution clause—company—contract (options 2 to 5).
The signatures of two authorised signatories.

Authorised signatories include:

—every director of the company, and
—the company secretary

See:
Related documents:

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