The following Competition practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Below lists European Commission decisions involving State aid and completed State aid sector inquiries since 1 June 2015 (note–recent decisions are found in the EU State aid decisions—ongoing cases tracker).
For details of State aid appeals before the General Court, see General Court State aid appeals—ongoing cases tracker, for details of State aid appeals before the Court of Justice, see Court of Justice State aid appeals—ongoing cases tracker, and for details of national reference cases before the Court of Justice involving State aid, see Court of Justice State aid national references—ongoing cases tracker.
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The principle of transferred maliceIf a person has a malicious intent towards X and, in carrying out that intent, injures Y, he is guilty of an offence. So, if D shoots at A with intent to kill him but kills B by mistake it is murder; the mistake as to the identity of the victim is irrelevant as D
The roles of nominated officer and money laundering reporting officerA nominated officer is an individual who is nominated by a firm to receive disclosures under Part 7 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA 2002) or Part III of the Terrorism Act 2000 (TA 2000)—see Requirement to appoint a
Having established that a duty of care exists (see Practice Note: Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?), it is then necessary to consider whether or not there has been a breach of that duty. This will depend on a number of factors outlined below and considered against the general background of
A certificate of title (also known as a certificate on title) is a particular species of report on title.When solicitors are instructed to investigate title to land (for instance, when land is being acquired or offered up as security), they will write a report on title for their client, which sets
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