EU Environmental Crime Directive—snapshot
EU Environmental Crime Directive—snapshot

The following Environment guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • EU Environmental Crime Directive—snapshot
  • Brexit impact
  • Aims and objectives
  • Implementation in England and Wales
  • What constitutes an offence?
  • Penalties and liabilities

Brexit impact

As of exit day (31 January 2020) the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content.

For further guidance, see: Brexit—impact on environmental law and Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.

Title Directive 2008/99/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on the protection of the environment through criminal law (the Environmental Crime Directive)
Entry into force 19 November 2008
Deadline for transposition 26 December 2010
England and Wales implementation The Environmental Crime Directive awaits full implementation in England and Wales
Subject Environmental crime

Aims and objectives

The Environmental Crime Directive (Directive 2008/99/EC) obliges member states to impose criminal penalties for certain behaviour that is seriously detrimental to the environment. It reflects concerns regarding the rise in environmental offences and their effects, which are increasingly extending beyond the