EU Climate Change Policy—snapshot
Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado of Andes Legal Consulting Ltd

The following EU Law practice note produced in partnership with Laura Bolado of Andes Legal Consulting Ltd provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • EU Climate Change Policy—snapshot
  • Overview
  • International and EC/EU action
  • The Convention
  • Kyoto Protocol
  • The Paris Agreement
  • EU action
  • ECCP I
  • Progress against targets pre-2021
  • More...

EU Climate Change Policy—snapshot

TitleEU Climate Change Policy
Entry into Forcen/a
Transposition Deadlinen/a
Related legislation in England and Walesn/a
SubjectClimate change—Climate targets; Sources of environmental law—EU environmental law


Humans are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth's temperature by burning fossil fuels, cutting down rainforests and farming livestock. All of this adds enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.

Some gases in the earth's atmosphere act a bit like the glass in a greenhouse, trapping the sun's heat and stopping it from leaking back into space. Many of these gases occur naturally but human activity is increasing the concentrations of some of them in the atmosphere, in particular:

  1. carbon dioxide (CO2)

  2. methane

  3. nitrous oxide

  4. fluorinated gases

CO2 is the greenhouse gas most commonly produced by human activities and it is responsible for 64% of man-made global warming. Its concentration in the atmosphere is currently 40% higher than it was when industrialisation began. Other greenhouse gases are emitted in smaller quantities, but they trap heat far more effectively than CO2, and in some cases are thousands of times stronger. Methane is responsible for 17% of man-made global warming, nitrous oxide for 6%.

Rising emissions are caused by:

  1. burning coal, oil and gas which produces carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide

  2. cutting down forests as trees help

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