Environmental Impact Assessment Directives—snapshot
Environmental Impact Assessment Directives—snapshot

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Directives—snapshot
  • What is environmental impact assessment?
  • What must an EIA assess?
  • Preparation of an environmental statement
  • Why was the 1985 Directive amended?
  • 2014 Directive
  • UK Implementation

TitleCouncil Directive 85/337/EEC of 27 June 1985 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (the 1985 Directive)
Entry into Force3 July 1985
Deadline for Transposition3 July 1988
Amending DocumentsDirective 97/11/EEC entered into force 3 March 1997 with transposition deadline of 14 March 1999 (the 1997 Directive); Directive 2003/35/EEC entered into force 25 June 2003 with transposition deadline of 25 June 2005; Directive 2009/31/EC entered into force 13 May 2009 with transposition deadline of 25 June 2011Directive 2011/92/EU codified the 1985 Directive and entered into force 2 January 2012 (the 2011 Directive); it was amended by Directive 2014/52/EU (the 2014 Directive), published on 25 April 2014, which required to be transposed by 16 May 2017
England and Wales Implementation in a town and country planning and nationally significant infrastructure planning contextTown and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations 2017, SI 2017/571 (the English EIA Regulations) and the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Wales) Regulations 2017, SI 2017/567 (in Wales) (the Welsh EIA Regulations), Infrastructure Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations 2017, SI 2017/572 (the Infrastructure Planning EIA Regulations)
SubjectPlanning

What is environmental impact assessment?

The term 'environmental impact assessment' (EIA) describes a procedure that must be followed for certain types of project before they can be given 'development consent'. These are defined as any

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