The following Environment practice note Produced in partnership with Begonia Filgueira FIEMA of Acuity Legal provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
As of exit day (31 January 2020), the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content.
For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.
Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on environmental liability established a European framework for the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The regulatory framework for Environmental Damage Regime (EDR) is implemented in England and Wales by the Environmental Damage (Prevention and Remediation) (England) Regulations 2015 (EDR England), SI 2015/810, and the Environmental Damage (Prevention and Remediation) (Wales) Regulations 2009 (EDR Wales), SI 2009/995.
EDR is aimed at preventing the imminent threat of environmental damage or actual environmental damage caused by certain activities, or where protected species, special habitats or a site of special scientific interest (SSSI) are involved by any other activity where the operator intended to cause environmental damage or where there was negligence.
Environmental damage is damage to:
a protected species or natural habitat that has a significant adverse effect on reaching or maintaining the favourable conservation status of the species or habitat
a SSSI that has
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Coronavirus (COVID-19): The guidance detailing normal practice set out in this Practice Note may be affected by measures concerning process and procedure in the civil courts that have been introduced as a result of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. For guidance, see Practice Note: Coronavirus
An intention to create legal relations is requiredThere are various situations in which a court will hold that an agreement is not binding because, though supported by consideration, it was made without any intention of creating legal relations (see, eg, Blue v Ashley).Did the parties intend to
Definition of automatismAn act is done in a state of automatism if it is done by the body without control by the mind, (eg it is a spasm or a reflex), or if it is done by a person who is not conscious of what they are doing. The act may be described as involuntary, but will not be regarded as such
This Practice Note provides a high-level introduction to diversity and inclusion (D&I) and key reasons why it is important to law firms. Specific aspects of D&I are covered in more detail in Practice Notes:•The growing focus on diversity and inclusion (D&I) in law firms•Unconscious bias—law
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