Environment—South Korea—Q&A guide
Environment—South Korea—Q&A guide

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Environment—South Korea—Q&A guide
  • 1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?
  • 2. Is there a system of integrated control of pollution?
  • 3. What are the main characteristics of the rules applicable to soil pollution?
  • 4. What types of waste are regulated and how?
  • 5. What are the main features of the rules governing air emissions?
  • 6. How are fresh water and seawater, and their associated land, protected?
  • 7. What are the main features of the rules protecting natural spaces and landscapes?
  • 8. What are the main features of the rules protecting flora and fauna species?
  • 9. What are the main features of the rules governing noise, odours and vibrations?
  • More...

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to environment in South Korea published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: July 2020).

Authors: Lee & Ko—Tong Keun Seol; Sangmin Kim; Jay Junyong Lee

1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?

Article 35 of the Korean Constitution codifies the constitutional rights of citizens to the environment and provides a guideline and framework to aid (1) the interpretation of the rights of citizens and obligations of the state with respect to the environment and (2) the formation of relevant legal principles. Based on article 35 of the Korean Constitution, the Framework Act on Environmental Policy (which sets forth the purpose of the environmental policy and basic principles in environmental law) has been enacted, which serves as the cornerstone of Korean environmental law.

Korea’s overall environmental policy and related regulations are as follows:

  1. the Framework Act on Environmental Policy;

  2. the Environmental Impact Assessment Act;

  3. the Act on the Integrated Control of Pollutant-Discharging Facilities;

  4. the Act on the Control and Aggravated Punishment of Environmental Offences, Etc.;

  5. the Environment Dispute Mediation Act;

  6. the Act on Liability for Environmental Damage and Relief Thereof;

  7. the Sustainable Development Act; and

  8. the Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth.

In addition, other specialised environmental statutes which have been enacted and implemented to deal with

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