Environment—Netherlands—Q&A guide
Environment—Netherlands—Q&A guide

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Environment—Netherlands—Q&A guide
  • 1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?
  • 2. Is there a system of integrated control of pollution?
  • 3. What are the main characteristics of the rules applicable to soil pollution?
  • 4. What types of waste are regulated and how?
  • 5. What are the main features of the rules governing air emissions?
  • 6. How are fresh water and seawater, and their associated land, protected?
  • 7. What are the main features of the rules protecting natural spaces and landscapes?
  • 8. What are the main features of the rules protecting flora and fauna species?
  • 9. What are the main features of the rules governing noise, odours and vibrations?
  • More...

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to environment in Netherlands published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: September 2020).

Authors: Van der Feltz attorneys—Willem Bosma; Pauline van Aardenne; Delila Fejzović; Ronald Olivier; Marc Houweling

1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?

The main statutes and regulations relating to the environment are:

  1. the Environmental Management Act;

  2. the Environmental Permitting General Provisions Act;

  3. the Living Environment Law Decree;

  4. the Activities (Environmental Management) Decree;

  5. the Spatial Planning Act;

  6. the Nature Conservation Act;

  7. the Major Accidents (Risks) Decree;

  8. the Soil Protection Act;

  9. the Water Act;

  10. the Noise Abatement Act; and

  11. the Nature Conservation Act.

2. Is there a system of integrated control of pollution?

Under the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (implemented in the Environmental Management Act and the Activities Decree), companies containing integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC) installations must have an environmental permit that complies with the Best Available Techniques (BAT) (as included in BAT conclusions and European and national BAT reference documents).

3. What are the main characteristics of the rules applicable to soil pollution?

Under the Soil Protection Act, soil pollution that was caused before 1987 only has to be remediated if the competent authorities have stated that the pollution is serious and urgent remediation is necessary. Functional remediation is the standard.

Soil pollution caused after 1987

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