Environment—Mexico—Q&A guide
Environment—Mexico—Q&A guide

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Environment—Mexico—Q&A guide
  • 1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?
  • 2. Is there a system of integrated control of pollution?
  • 3. What are the main characteristics of the rules applicable to soil pollution?
  • 4. What types of waste are regulated and how?
  • 5. What are the main features of the rules governing air emissions?
  • 6. How are fresh water and seawater, and their associated land, protected?
  • 7. What are the main features of the rules protecting natural spaces and landscapes?
  • 8. What are the main features of the rules protecting flora and fauna species?
  • 9. What are the main features of the rules governing noise, odours and vibrations?
  • More...

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to environment in Mexico published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: August 2020).

Authors: Galicia Abogados SC—Mariana Herrero; Carlos A Escoto; Lucía Manzo Flores; Erika J Alarcón García; Lourdes Lozano

1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?

The right to a healthy environment is a human right protected under article 4 of the Mexican Federal Constitution (CPEUM); however, this was not the case until 2012. The CPEUM also recognises that environmental damage carries responsibility for the culprit, which one could argue means that the right to demand the remediation of environmental damage is also a human right.

Under this provision, access to clean water for domestic consumption is also established as a human right.

The General Law for Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection (LGEEPA) is the main federal environmental statute. It sets out the principles of Mexican environmental law, public policy instruments and the distribution of powers among the federal, state and municipal authorities. The two most relevant regulations of the LGEEPA are the Regulations on matters of Environmental Impact Evaluation and the Regulations for the Protection and Control of Atmospheric Pollution.

In addition to regulating waste management and disposal, the General Law for the Prevention and Integral Management of Wastes (LGPGIR) regulates liability for remediation of contaminated

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