Environment—China—Q&A guide
Environment—China—Q&A guide

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Environment—China—Q&A guide
  • 1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?
  • 2. Is there a system of integrated control of pollution?
  • 3. What are the main characteristics of the rules applicable to soil pollution?
  • 4. What types of waste are regulated and how?
  • 5. What are the main features of the rules governing air emissions?
  • 6. How are fresh water and seawater, and their associated land, protected?
  • 7. What are the main features of the rules protecting natural spaces and landscapes?
  • 8. What are the main features of the rules protecting flora and fauna species?
  • 9. What are the main features of the rules governing noise, odours and vibrations?
  • More...

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to environment in China published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: August 2020).

Authors: Winners Law Firm—Shen Jinzhong

1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?

The Environmental Protection Law is the basic legislation for environmental protection in China. In terms of pollution prevention and control, there are some laws such as the Marine Environmental Protection Law, the Law on Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution, the Law on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution, the Law on Prevention and Control of Environmental Noise Pollution, the Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution Caused by Solid Wastes, the Law on Soil Pollution Prevention and Control and so on. There are also provisions on environmental pollution tort damages and environmental pollution crimes in Chinese civil and criminal legislation. In the National Human Rights Action Plan in China, in a total of three issues, environmental rights are stipulated as an important part of citizens’ economic, social and cultural rights.

2. Is there a system of integrated control of pollution?

According to the provisions of the Environmental Protection Law, China implements comprehensive licence management for enterprises’ pollutant discharges. The Ministry of Ecology and Environment in China has formulated the Measures for Pollutant Discharge Permitting Administration (For Trial Implementation) and

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