Environment—Belgium—Q&A guide
Environment—Belgium—Q&A guide

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Environment—Belgium—Q&A guide
  • 1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?
  • 2. Is there a system of integrated control of pollution?
  • 3. What are the main characteristics of the rules applicable to soil pollution?
  • 4. What types of waste are regulated and how?
  • 5. What are the main features of the rules governing air emissions?
  • 6. How are fresh water and seawater, and their associated land, protected?
  • 7. What are the main features of the rules protecting natural spaces and landscapes?
  • 8. What are the main features of the rules protecting flora and fauna species?
  • 9. What are the main features of the rules governing noise, odours and vibrations?
  • More...

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to environment in Belgium published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: July 2020).

Authors: Industrious Law—Bernard Deltour; Valérie Vandegaart; Zoé Thiéry; Claire Thollembeck

1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to the environment?

The Belgian Constitution has enshrined the right to lead a life in keeping with human dignity, which, inter alia, includes the right to protection of a sound environment (article 23). The latter entails the standstill principle.

The Constitution organises Belgium on a federal basis, sharing competencies between the federal state and - notably - three regions: the Flemish, Walloon and Brussels Metropolitan regions.

These regions are competent for most aspects of environmental protection, inter alia, soil, water and air protection, waste, environmental permitting, nature conservation and planning and zoning.

The federal state remains competent for product standards and for protection against ionising radiations.

The main environmental, waste and soil legislative acts are as follows:

  1. In the Walloon region:

    1. the Walloon Environmental Code of 27 May 2004;

    2. the Walloon regional statute (WRS) on the environmental permit of 11 March 1999;

    3. the WRS on waste of 27 June 1996; and

    4. the WRS on the management and remediation of soils of 1 March 2018.

  2. In the Brussels Metropolitan region:

    1. the Brussels Code on the Management of Air, Climate and Energy of 2

Popular documents