Enforcing arbitral awards in England and Wales
Enforcing arbitral awards in England and Wales

The following Arbitration guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Enforcing arbitral awards in England and Wales
  • Jurisdiction—what sort of awards may be enforced?
  • Recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made at an English seat and foreign arbitral awards in England (AA 1996, s 66)
  • Can declaratory awards be enforced under AA 1996, s 66?
  • Recognition and enforcement of New York Convention arbitral awards in England (AA 1996, s 101)
  • How do I apply for enforcement of awards in England?
  • Recognition and enforcement of Geneva Convention awards
  • Enforcement at common law—action on the award
  • Grounds for refusing recognition and enforcement—AA 1996, s 66
  • Grounds for refusing recognition and enforcement—New York Convention awards
  • more

Note: some of the guidance in this Practice Note was developed from content originally produced in partnership with Professor Robert Merkin and CMS. This Practice Note also includes some practical guidance provided by Richard Power of Clyde & Co LLP.

This Practice Note considers the recognition and enforcement of arbitration awards in England and Wales (England is used as shorthand for all three jurisdictions in this Practice Note). For an introduction to the recognition and enforcement of international arbitral awards more generally, see Practice Note: Recognition and enforcement of international arbitral awards—an introduction.

Such awards include:

  1. awards made where the seat of the arbitration was England

  2. foreign awards, ie awards made where the seat of the arbitration was in a jurisdiction that was not England

Foreign awards include:

  1. New York Convention awards, ie awards made where the seat of the arbitration was in states that have adopted the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (the New York Convention). The UK has ratified the New York Convention and it entered into force on 23 December 1975—see Practice Note: The New York Convention—the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards—an introduction

  2. Geneva Convention awards

  3. awards where no international convention or treaty applies (there are very few instances where this is relevant)

For guidance on the meaning of an award under English law, see Practice