Enforcement of judgments under Brussels I
Enforcement of judgments under Brussels I

The following Dispute Resolution guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Enforcement of judgments under Brussels I
  • Terminology and background
  • New EU Member States
  • What is a judgment?
  • General rule for enforcement
  • Declaration of enforceability
  • Enforcement of a decision of the courts of England and Wales in another EU Member State
  • Registration of an EU judgment in England and Wales
  • Registration Order
  • Effect of registration
  • more

This Practice Note sets out the application of Regulation (EC) 44/2001, Brussels I when dealing with the enforcement of judgments involving EU Member States. It sets out the general rules for enforcement followed by the procedure for enforcement (involving obtaining a declaration of enforceability), including appealing a declaration of enforceability. The procedure for enforcement of an EU judgment in England and Wales, requiring a registration order, is also explained as well as how those orders can be appealed.

Brexit: The UK's departure from the EU on exit day ie Friday 31 January 2020 has implications for practitioners considering enforcement of UK court judgments in the EU. For guidance, see Cross border considerations—checklist—Enforcement—Brexit specific.

This Practice Note sets out the application of Regulation (EC) 44/2001, Brussels I when dealing with the enforcement of judgments involving EU Member States. It sets out the general rules for enforcement followed by the procedure for enforcement. The need for and the effect of registration orders are also explained. Finally, the Practice Note considers appealing a decision to enforce a judgment.

For guidance on the recognition of a judgment under Regulation (EC) 44/2001, Brussels I, see Practice Note: Recognition of judgments under Brussels I.

On 10 January 2015, Brussels I was repealed in its entirety and replaced by Brussels I (recast). However, transitional arrangements were put in place. For information