Energy performance certificates (EPCs)—what are they and when are they required?
Energy performance certificates (EPCs)—what are they and when are they required?

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Energy performance certificates (EPCs)—what are they and when are they required?
  • What is an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)?
  • EPC regulations
  • When is an EPC required?
  • What is a 'building'?
  • Buildings that don't need an EPC
  • Buildings to be demolished
  • EPC required—sale or letting
  • Non-dwellings—sale or letting
  • Dwellings—sale or letting
  • More...

Coronavirus (COVID-19): The requirements to obtain an EPC before a property is sold or let can be difficult to satisfy when social distancing measures apply. EPC assessments should only be conducted in accordance with government advice on COVID—19 and EPCs and where the EPC assessment can be conducted safely—see Practice Note: Coronavirus (COVID-19)—implications for property — EPCs and social distancing.

This Practice Note explains how energy performance in buildings is regulated through Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs), when EPCs are needed, requirements under the key regulations governing EPCs—the Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012, SI 2012/3118 (EPC Regs 2012) and the Building Regulations 2010, SI 2010/2214 (Building Regs 2010), which implemented the requirements of the recast Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU (recast EPBD directive). This Practice Note is part of a series of notes on EPCs and minimum energy efficiency requirements (MEES).

What is an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)?

Buildings are responsible for almost 40% of the UK's energy consumption and carbon emissions and so understanding how to reduce and manage this energy consumption is important in terms of achieving carbon reduction targets, as well as reducing the building's running costs.

EPCs promote the improvement of the energy performance of buildings and are intended to identify ways in which the energy performance of buildings and associated costs can be reduced.

An EPC gives a property an energy efficiency

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