The following Tax practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
IP COMPLETION DAY: 11pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time (referred to in UK law as ‘IP completion day’), key transitional arrangements come to an end and significant changes begin to take effect across the UK’s legal regime. This document contains guidance on subjects impacted by these changes. Before continuing your research, see Practice Note: What does IP completion day mean for Tax?
The Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) is designed to encourage investment in smaller, higher-risk trading companies by offering a range of tax reliefs to individual investors purchasing newly issued shares in those companies.
The EIS regime is prescriptive and sets out numerous requirements that must be met, including in relation to:
the individual investors
the issuing company, and
the issued shares, the funds raised and the arrangements in general
This Practice Note focuses on the conditions that must be met in relation to the issued shares, the purpose of the issue of shares, and the amount and use of the money raised. These conditions are described in the context of the income tax relief provided for in Part 5 of the Income Tax Act 2007 (ITA 2007). References to the corresponding capital gains tax (CGT) rules are also provided where relevant.
For details of the
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Dividends involve a distribution of cash or a distribution of non-cash assets (known as a distribution in kind or a distribution in specie).A scrip dividend (in a tax context, sometimes referred to as a stock dividend) allows a shareholder to receive new shares in a company as an alternative to a
Fraud by false representationFraud by false representation applies to a broader range of conduct than the offences under the preceding legislation (the Theft Act 1968 (TA 1968)). No gain or loss need actually be made, and no deception need operate on the mind of the deceived for the Fraud Act 2006
Source of the doctrine of the separation of powersThe origins of the doctrine are often traced to John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government (1689), in which he identified the 'executive' and 'legislative' powers as needing to be separate.‘… it may be too great a temptation to human frailty, apt to
IntroductionShari'ah (also Sharia, Shariah or Shari’a) (literally, in Arabic, 'the path towards the watering place') or Islamic law is the legal system of the religion of Islam that sets out a system of duties or code of conduct for individuals to follow so that they may live their life in a
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