Double funding
Double funding

The following Property guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Double funding
  • Introduction
  • Existing Environmental Stewardship scheme agreements
  • Higher Level Stewardship agreements
  • Pre-January 2012 Entry Level Stewardship agreements
  • Entry Level Stewardship or Organic Entry Level Stewardship agreements which started on or after 1 January 2012
  • Holdings of 15 hectares or less
  • Landlords
  • Tenants or licensees
  • Choices for affected agreement holders
  • more

Brexit: The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020. This has implications for the schemes providing for agricultural subsidies in England and Wales, which will no longer be derived from the EU Common Agricultural Policy. We will introduce content to address the new regimes once the relevant legislation (including the Agriculture Bill) has been enacted.


The risk of double funding arises because of the potential overlap between Pillar 1 direct support (in the form of payment under the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) and greening payments) and Pillar 2 payments for rural development support (which might, for example, arise from participation in agri-environment schemes or organic farming).

In order to qualify for BPS and greening payments, a farmer must engage in practices which are beneficial to the environment or climate. Those practices include activities which a farmer may:

  1. already be carrying out in accordance with an existing Environmental Stewardship scheme agreement under the Rural Development Programme for England 2007–13, or

  2. agree to carry out in accordance with a Countryside Stewardship scheme under the Rural Development Programme for England 2014–20

This is particularly likely to be the case where a farmer has more than 15 hectares of arable land on their holding and is therefore required to have an ecological focus area (EFA) as a condition of receiving BPS and greening