Dispute resolution—Sweden—Q&A guide

The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Dispute resolution—Sweden—Q&A guide
  • 1. What is the structure of the civil court system?
  • 2. What is the role of the judge and the jury in civil proceedings?
  • 3. What are the time limits for bringing civil claims?
  • 4. Are there any pre-action considerations the parties should take into account?
  • 5. How are civil proceedings commenced? How and when are the parties to the proceedings notified of their commencement? Do the courts have the capacity to handle their caseload?
  • 6. What is the typical procedure and timetable for a civil claim?
  • 7. Can the parties control the procedure and the timetable?
  • 8. Is there a duty to preserve documents and other evidence pending trial? Must parties share relevant documents (including those unhelpful to their case)?
  • 9. Are any documents privileged? Would advice from an in-house lawyer (whether local or foreign) also be privileged?
  • More...

Dispute resolution—Sweden—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to dispute resolution in Sweden published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: June 2021).

Authors: Advokatfirman Cederquist KB—Erik Wernberg; Elsa Arbrandt; Saeed Esbati

1. What is the structure of the civil court system?

There are three types of court in Sweden: general courts, special courts and administrative courts.

General courts handle criminal and civil cases, as well as family-related cases. The hierarchy of the general courts is district courts, appellate courts and the Supreme Court.

Commercial disputes are primarily heard by the general courts, while the jurisdiction of the special courts is restricted to cases where the dispute relates to special parts of substantive law, such as labour law, patent and trademark law, competition and market law and environmental law.

The administrative courts primarily handle cases relating to disputes between a public authority and a private party. These courts are also structured in a three-tier system with administrative district courts, administrative courts of appeal and the Supreme Administrative Court.

2. What is the role of the judge and the jury in civil proceedings?

Civil proceedings are adversarial, and generally judges have a passive role. This means that the parties are responsible for presenting the material that they wish the court to consider in its ruling and the judge cannot adjudicate on any circumstance

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