Dispute resolution—Israel—Q&A guide
Dispute resolution—Israel—Q&A guide

The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Dispute resolution—Israel—Q&A guide
  • 1. What is the structure of the civil court system?
  • 2. What is the role of the judge and the jury in civil proceedings?
  • 3. What are the time limits for bringing civil claims?
  • 4. Are there any pre-action considerations the parties should take into account?
  • 5. How are civil proceedings commenced? How and when are the parties to the proceedings notified of their commencement? Do the courts have the capacity to handle their caseload?
  • 6. What is the typical procedure and timetable for a civil claim?
  • 7. Can the parties control the procedure and the timetable?
  • 8. Is there a duty to preserve documents and other evidence pending trial? Must parties share relevant documents (including those unhelpful to their case)?
  • 9. Are any documents privileged? Would advice from an in-house lawyer (whether local or foreign) also be privileged?
  • More...

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to dispute resolution in Israel published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: August 2020).

Authors: Lipa Meir & Co—Claire McLoughlin; Karen Reynolds

1. What is the structure of the civil court system?

The Israeli court system, in the civil branch, is comprised of three instances. Magistrate Courts are the lowest level of trial courts, and they preside over most cases, in particular monetary claims that are under 2.5 million new Israeli shekels. The cases in the Magistrate Courts are heard by a single judge. The District Courts are an intermediate level instance. They serve as an appellate court for the Magistrate Courts (normally in panels of three judges) and serve as court of first instance for monetary claims for 2.5 million new Israeli shekels and higher (typically with one judge hearing the case). In addition, the District Court has jurisdiction over certain matters defined by the law, including real-estate ownership claims, certain corporation matters, corporations' bankruptcy and administrative matters. Furthermore, the District Court has residual jurisdiction over civil matters, which are not covered by the Magistrate Courts; that is, jurisdiction to hear any matter that is not within the jurisdiction of another court. There are several specialised courts, dealing with matters such as traffic, labour, juvenile, military, family, and municipal

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