Dispute resolution—Hungary—Q&A guide [Archived, 2020 edition]

The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Dispute resolution—Hungary—Q&A guide [Archived, 2020 edition]
  • 1. What is the structure of the civil court system?
  • 2. What is the role of the judge and the jury in civil proceedings?
  • 3. What are the time limits for bringing civil claims?
  • 4. Are there any pre-action considerations the parties should take into account?
  • 5. How are civil proceedings commenced? How and when are the parties to the proceedings notified of their commencement? Do the courts have the capacity to handle their caseload?
  • 6. What is the typical procedure and timetable for a civil claim?
  • 7. Can the parties control the procedure and the timetable?
  • 8. Is there a duty to preserve documents and other evidence pending trial? Must parties share relevant documents (including those unhelpful to their case)?
  • 9. Are any documents privileged? Would advice from an in-house lawyer (whether local or foreign) also be privileged?
  • More...

Dispute resolution—Hungary—Q&A guide [Archived, 2020 edition]

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to dispute resolution in Hungary published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: April 2020).

Authors: Nagy és Trócsányi—Csaba Pigler; Viktor Jéger

1. What is the structure of the civil court system?

The Hungarian court system has four levels. There are:

  1. 112 local courts (106 in towns and six in the various districts of Budapest, the capital city);

  2. 20 county courts, including the Budapest-Capital County Court;

  3. five regional courts operating in five major towns; and

  4. the Supreme Court (Curia).

On 31 March 2020, the regional administrative and labour courts were dissolved. In their place, the legislature appointed eight county courts with an administrative division that, as courts of first instance, deal with the judicial revision of administrative decisions. In administrative cases, the Supreme Court acts as the court of appeal and the court of revision (ie, the court adjudicating requests for extraordinary remedy submitted against an enforceable judgment allegedly violating the law or deviating from a published decision of the Supreme Court).

Labour cases are now handled in the ordinary court system: they are adjudicated by county courts as courts of first instance, by regional courts as courts of appeal and by the Supreme Court as the court of revision.

The Constitutional Court, which has a duty to protect

Popular documents