Dispute resolution—Greece—Q&A guide

The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Dispute resolution—Greece—Q&A guide
  • 1. What is the structure of the civil court system?
  • 2. What is the role of the judge and the jury in civil proceedings?
  • 3. What are the time limits for bringing civil claims?
  • 4. Are there any pre-action considerations the parties should take into account?
  • 5. How are civil proceedings commenced? How and when are the parties to the proceedings notified of their commencement? Do the courts have the capacity to handle their caseload?
  • 6. What is the typical procedure and timetable for a civil claim?
  • 7. Can the parties control the procedure and the timetable?
  • 8. Is there a duty to preserve documents and other evidence pending trial? Must parties share relevant documents (including those unhelpful to their case)?
  • 9. Are any documents privileged? Would advice from an in-house lawyer (whether local or foreign) also be privileged?
  • More...

Dispute resolution—Greece—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to dispute resolution in Greece published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: June 2021).

Authors: Bernitsas Law—Christos Paraskevopoulos

1. What is the structure of the civil court system?

In the first instance, Greek courts are subdivided into Magistrate Courts (Justices of the Peace), Single-Member First Instance Courts and Multi-Member First Instance Courts. Though there are a lot of exceptions, depending on the nature and subject matter of the dispute, the general rule is that in the ordinary procedure of the civil courts the Magistrate Courts are competent for monetary disputes up to €20,000; disputes arising out of lease agreements where the monthly rent does not exceed €600; and disputes between joint property owners up to €20,000. The Single-Member First Instance Courts are competent for monetary disputes up to €250,000. The Multi-Member First Instance Courts are competent for all disputes for which the Magistrate Courts and the Single-Member First Instance Courts are not competent.

Exceptionally, the Magistrate Courts are also competent for a number of disputes depending on their nature and subject matter and irrespective of the value of the dispute. Likewise, the Single-Member First Instance Courts are competent for a number of disputes depending on their nature and subject matter, even if the value of the dispute is above

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