The following Public Law guidance note Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
STOP PRESS: On 23 June 2016, the UK held a referendum on its membership of the EU, with a majority voting in favour of the UK leaving the EU. The full impact of Brexit remains to be established but the UK will remain an EU Member State, fully subject to EU law, until the moment that it leaves. We are reviewing our content on the basis of information available and will keep it under regular review throughout the withdrawal period. In the meantime, for background reading, links to related guidance and policy documents, plus the latest analysis on the potential impact on our content, please refer to our Brexit overview, see: Brexit—overview.
The direct effect is a fundamental principle of EU law developed by the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) in Van Gend en Loos. It is a mechanism through which individuals can enforce rights in member states’ courts, based on EU law; a remedy against non-compliance with EU law.
In Van Gend en Loos the provision in question was an article of the Treaty ie primary law. The transport company Van Gend & Loos had imported goods from Germany into the Netherlands and had to pay customs duties which it considered incompatible with art 12 EEC Treaty (now TFEU, Art
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