Derivative contracts—scope of chargeable gains basis: general rules
Derivative contracts—scope of chargeable gains basis: general rules

The following Tax guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Derivative contracts—scope of chargeable gains basis: general rules
  • Derivative contracts taxed on a chargeable gains basis—irrespective of party
  • Contracts relating to land or certain tangible movable property
  • Land and tangible movable property—income arising
  • Land and tangible movable property—relevant credits and relevant debits
  • Property based total return swaps
  • Property based total return swaps—relevant credits and relevant debits
  • Tax relief—carry back of net losses
  • Tax relief—carry back of net losses: conditions
  • Tax relief—carry back of net losses: net section 641 losses
  • more

The profits and losses arising to a company from its derivative contracts are, like its profits and losses from its loan relationships, generally brought into account for the purposes of corporation tax as income.

There are, however, unlike under the loan relationships regime, a number of specific circumstances where this basic rule will not apply and the company's derivative contracts income, profits and gain, and losses, will instead be brought into account on a chargeable gains basis.

Nonetheless, the disapplication of the general rule (that derivative contracts profits and losses are taxed as income) does not necessarily mean that the derivative in question is excluded from the derivative contracts regime altogether. In particular, it does not necessarily mean:

  1. the principles for calculating corporation tax on chargeable gains are applicable, or

  2. there needs to be a disposal (whether real or deemed) of the relevant derivative

The derivative contracts regime, instead, contains its own specialist chargeable gains provisions. The special rules which tax derivative contracts on a chargeable gains basis are set out in:

  1. Chapter 7 (Chargeable gains arising in relation to derivative contracts), and

  2. Chapter 8 (Further provision about chargeable gains and derivative contracts)

of Part 7 of the Corporation Tax Act 2009 (CTA 2009).

The chargeable gains basis rules, and the manner in which they apply, are broadly split between rules that