Defences to claims for injuries caused by animals
Defences to claims for injuries caused by animals

The following PI & Clinical Negligence practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Defences to claims for injuries caused by animals
  • Accident caused by claimant
  • Voluntary acceptance of risk
  • Trespass

Accident caused by claimant

A defendant will escape liability for injury caused by an animal if they can show that the claimant’s injury was entirely their own fault.

Examples might include the teasing of a dog, or carelessly stepping on a dog's lead causing it to snap.

Voluntary acceptance of risk

A defendant will also escape liability if the claimant voluntarily accepted the risk of injury.

It must be proved that the claimant (1) fully appreciated the risk, and (2) exposed themself to it. The words are simple English,

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