The following TMT practice note Produced in partnership with 5RB provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Before the implementation of the Defamation Act 2013 (DA 2013), defamation actions acquired a reputation for technicality and disproportionate expense, largely because of the central focus on the meaning of defamatory statements. The government reacted to a groundswell of adverse media comment that English defamation law was too claimant-friendly by enacting DA 2013, which introduced a number of reforms making defamation a tortious action based equally on common law and statute, and abolished several common law defences through codification.
You may wish to refer to Duncan and Neill on Defamation (fourth edition, 2015) available subject to subscription.
At common law, a defamatory statement is defined as one that is published to a third party and would tend to lower the subject in the estimation of right thinking members of society. This should be assessed through the eyes of the hypothetical, reasonable person who will reflect current attitudes. There are some statements, for example, that the claimant is dishonest, which will always be defamatory. To this has been added a statutory threshold requirement under DA 2013, s 1 that a statement is not defamatory unless its publication has caused or is likely to cause serious harm to the reputation of the claimant, or, in the case of a body that trades for profit that
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This Practice Note considers the nature and scope of arbitration agreements with a particular focus on arbitration agreements pursuant to the law of England and Wales, although it also discusses the concept from an international perspective and includes some comparative examples from other
Dividends involve a distribution of cash or a distribution of non-cash assets (known as a distribution in kind or a distribution in specie).A scrip dividend (in a tax context, sometimes referred to as a stock dividend) allows a shareholder to receive new shares in a company as an alternative to a
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Background to the Single RulebookHistorically, the European Commission (Commission) favours using Directives (rather than Regulations) to set out its legislation in respect of the financial services sector. However, Directives, allowing Member States greater flexibility in how they implement
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