The following Banking & Finance practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
BREXIT: As of 31 January 2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State, but has entered an implementation period during which it continues to be treated by the EU as a Member State for many purposes. As a third country, the UK can no longer participate in the EU’s political institutions, agencies, offices, bodies and governance structures (except to the limited extent agreed), but the UK must continue to adhere to its obligations under EU law (including EU treaties, legislation, principles and international agreements) and submit to the continuing jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union in accordance with the transitional arrangements in Part 4 of the Withdrawal Agreement. For further reading, see: Brexit—introduction to the Withdrawal Agreement. This has an impact on this Practice Note. For guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on finance transactions—Brexit planning and impact—key issues for debt capital markets transactions and Brexit—impact on finance transactions—Derivatives and debt capital markets transactions—key SIs.
Tradeability is an essential characteristic of debt securities. Investors' ability to buy and sell—trade—debt securities depends on:
standardisation of the terms and conditions of debt securities (for more information, see Practice Notes: Terms and conditions of debt securities and Terms and conditions—first time issuer's guide)
the fungible nature of debt securities (for more information see Practice Note: Key legal issues in English law in debt
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Dividends involve a distribution of cash or a distribution of non-cash assets (known as a distribution in kind or a distribution in specie).A scrip dividend (in a tax context, sometimes referred to as a stock dividend) allows a shareholder to receive new shares in a company as an alternative to a
Having established that a duty of care exists (see Practice Note: Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?), it is then necessary to consider whether or not there has been a breach of that duty. This will depend on a number of factors outlined below and considered against the general background of
What is QOCS?Qualified one-way costs shifting (QOCS) was introduced on 1 April 2013 as part of the Jackson costs reforms following the removal of a claimant’s right to recover additional liabilities from the defendant, ie success fees and after the event (ATE) insurance premiums. The relevant CPR
Background to the Single RulebookHistorically, the European Commission (Commission) favours using Directives (rather than Regulations) to set out its legislation in respect of the financial services sector. However, Directives, allowing Member States greater flexibility in how they implement
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