Data protection and privacy—Russia—Q&A guide

The following Information Law practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Data protection and privacy—Russia—Q&A guide
  • 1. Summarise the legislative framework for the protection of personally identifiable information (PII). Does your jurisdiction have a dedicated data protection law? Is the data protection law in your jurisdiction based on any international instruments on privacy or data protection?
  • 2. Which authority is responsible for overseeing the data protection law? Describe the investigative powers of the authority.
  • 3. Are there legal obligations on the data protection authority to cooperate with other data protection authorities, or is there a mechanism to resolve different approaches?
  • 4. Can breaches of data protection law lead to administrative sanctions or orders, or criminal penalties? How would such breaches be handled?
  • 5. Does the data protection law cover all sectors and types of organisation or are some areas of activity outside its scope?
  • 6. Does the data protection law cover interception of communications, electronic marketing or monitoring and surveillance of individuals? If not, list other relevant laws in this regard.
  • 7. Identify any further laws or regulations that provide specific data protection rules for related areas.
  • 8. What forms of PII are covered by the law?
  • 9. Is the reach of the law limited to PII owners and processors of PII established or operating in the jurisdiction?
  • More...

Data protection and privacy—Russia—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to data protection and privacy in Russia published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: April 2020).

Authors: Morgan Lewis & Bockius LLP—Ksenia Andreeva; Anastasia Dergacheva; Anastasia Kiseleva; Vasilisa Strizh; Brian L. Zimbler

1. Summarise the legislative framework for the protection of personally identifiable information (PII). Does your jurisdiction have a dedicated data protection law? Is the data protection law in your jurisdiction based on any international instruments on privacy or data protection?

Federal Law No. 152-FZ on Personal Data dated 27 July 2006 (the PD Law) is the main law governing personally identifiable information (personal data) in Russia. The PD Law was adopted in 2005 following the ratification of the Convention of the Council of Europe for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data. In general, the PD Law takes an approach similar to the EU Data Protection Directive and is based on the international instruments on privacy and data protection in certain aspects, but the Russian regulation places special emphasis on the technical (IT) measures for data protection. Notably, the PD Law has concepts similar to the one contained in the General Data Protection Regulation, which became effective in the EU on 25 May 2018. Data protection provisions can also

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