The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The CRC Scheme is a mandatory emissions trading scheme in the UK that aims to cut carbon dioxide emissions and improve energy efficiency in large non-energy-intensive public and private sector organisations. Organisations that qualify for the CRC Scheme have to report their emissions, and purchase and surrender allowances for every tonne of carbon dioxide they emit.
The CRC Scheme was been split into successive phases, with the first phase of the scheme (the 'Introductory Phase (Phase 1)') running from April 2010 to March 2014.
The second and final phase of the CRC Scheme ran from 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2019 and was confusingly officially named as the Initial Phase. For the sake of clarity we refer to this phase as the 'Initial Phase (Phase 2)'.
The CRC Scheme was introduced using enabling powers from Part 3 of the Climate Change Act 2008 (CCA 2008) and the primary details of the CRC Scheme were found in the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme Order 2010, SI 2010/768 (2010 Order), which set out the requirements for the Introductory Phase (Phase 1). The 2010 Order was replaced and revoked (except as in so far as it relates to the Introductory Phase (Phase 1)) by the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme Order 2013, SI 2013/1119, (2013 Order), which provides the details for the Initial Phase (Phase 2)
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When defendants are guilty, they have a choice to plead guilty or to put the prosecution to proof. When they plead guilty they may benefit from a reduction in their sentence as a result, see Practice Note: Credit for guilty plea. However, the Sentencing Council's overarching guidelines on reduction
LiabilityFalse imprisonment consists of the complete deprivation of liberty without a lawful basis. Claims will in practice be made against a public body that exercises detention powers, usually a local police force, the Secretary of State for the Home Department or the Secretary of State for
What is QOCS?Qualified one-way costs shifting (QOCS) was introduced on 1 April 2013 as part of the Jackson costs reforms following the removal of a claimant’s right to recover additional liabilities from the defendant, ie success fees and after the event (ATE) insurance premiums. The relevant CPR
Source of the doctrine of the separation of powersThe origins of the doctrine are often traced to John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government (1689), in which he identified the 'executive' and 'legislative' powers as needing to be separate.‘… it may be too great a temptation to human frailty, apt to
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