The following Banking & Finance practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note provides a map of the financial services exemptions from the provisions for moratorium and restrictions on ipso facto clauses which were inserted by the Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act 2020 (CIGA 2020) into the Insolvency Act 1986 (IA 1986).
For general information on CIGA 2020 and links to further materials, see News Analysis: Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act 2020.
CIGA 2020 inserts a new Part A1 into IA 1986 which provides for a new insolvency process whereby directors of insolvent companies, or companies that are likely to become insolvent, can obtain a 20 business day moratorium period. This is designed to allow viable businesses time to restructure or seek new investment free from creditor action. The moratorium is overseen by an insolvency practitioner acting as a ‘monitor’, although the directors will remain in charge of running the business on a day-to-day basis (known as a ‘debtor-in-possession’ process, with the company being the ‘debtor’) subject to certain constraints. The intention is to provide a streamlined procedure that keeps administrative burdens to a minimum, makes the process as quick as possible and does not add disproportionate costs on to struggling businesses.
The company needs to meet the following criteria:
it is, or is likely to become, unable to pay its debts, and
it is likely that the moratorium would result in the rescue of the company
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When defendants are guilty, they have a choice to plead guilty or to put the prosecution to proof. When they plead guilty they may benefit from a reduction in their sentence as a result, see Practice Note: Credit for guilty plea. However, the Sentencing Council's overarching guidelines on reduction
Dividends involve a distribution of cash or a distribution of non-cash assets (known as a distribution in kind or a distribution in specie).A scrip dividend (in a tax context, sometimes referred to as a stock dividend) allows a shareholder to receive new shares in a company as an alternative to a
This Practice Note examines:•why negative pledge clauses are used in commercial transactions •the consequences of breaching negative pledge provisions•how negative pledges are viewed in the context of security and quasi-security, and•key considerations when drafting a negative pledge clauseWhere
This Practice Note considers claims for damages for breach of statutory duty. For guidance on claims for damages for a negligent breach of duty of care outside a statutory duty, see Practice Notes:•Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?•Negligence—when is the duty of care breached?Breach of
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