Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and Other Matter (London Convention)—snapshot
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and Other Matter (London Convention)—snapshot

The following Environment guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and Other Matter (London Convention)—snapshot
  • The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972
  • Key features of the London Convention
  • Administration of the London Convention
  • Resolutions

Title Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matters 1972 (London Convention)
Parties 87 (December 2017)—see map for details
Signed on 29 December 1972
Entry into force 30 August 1975 (30 days after the 15th contracting party ratified the London Convention—see Article XIX, London Convention)
Full text Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matters 1972 (London Convention)
Protocol 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter, 1972 (London Protocol)
Subject marine conservation, marine pollution

The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972

Pollution of the marine environment by dumping is addressed by international agreements, alongside a number of regional agreements.

The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972 (London Convention) provides details at a global level on protecting the international waters of the marine environment from human activities. It was one of the earliest multilateral environmental agreements and was an international policy response to decades of dumping into the ocean, dredging and incineration at sea. Its creation was spurred on by the 1972 United Nations Stockholm Conference on the Human