Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (the Bern Convention)—snapshot
Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (the Bern Convention)—snapshot

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (the Bern Convention)—snapshot
  • Purpose of the Bern Convention
  • Scope
  • Definition of ‘wildlife’
  • Conservation
  • Conservation of habitats
  • Conservation of strictly protected floral species
  • Conservation of strictly protected fauna species
  • Conservation of protected fauna species
  • Reintroduction of endangered species
  • More...

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TitleCETS No.104 Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention)
Entry into Force01/06/1982
Transposition DeadlineN/A
AmendmentsN/A
England and Wales implementationWildlife and Countryside Act 1981; Wildlife and Countryside (Service of Notices) Act 1985; Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017, SI 2017/1012; Conservation of Offshore Marine Habitats and Species Regulations 2017, SI 2017/1013.
SubjectNature conservation

Purpose of the Bern Convention

The Bern Convention was the first international agreement to protect both species and habitats and to bring countries together to act on nature conservation. It recognises the ‘aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational, economic and intrinsic value of wild flora and fauna’ as a ‘natural heritage’ that needs to be preserved for future generations.

In order to protect wild flora and fauna, the Bern Convention has three main aims:

  1. to conserve wild flora and fauna and natural habitats

  2. to promote co-operation between states, and

  3. to give particular attention to endangered and vulnerable species, including endangered and vulnerable migratory

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