The following PI & Clinical Negligence guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
In some instances someone may suffer damage that results partly from their own fault and partly from the fault of someone else. A claim in respect of such damage is not defeated as a result of the claimant partially causing the damage themselves. Instead, the court reduces the damages recoverable according to the proportion of the claimant’s responsibility for the damage.
The prerequisite for contributory negligence is therefore causative fault on both sides. The court must apportion to fairly reflect respective responsibility. This can be subdivided into two parts (Jones v Livox Quarries):
the comparative blameworthiness of the parties’ actions
the comparative causal potency of the parties’ actions
A finding of contributory negligence will therefore depend on the facts of each case. The burden is on the defendant to prove:
the claimant failed to take reasonable care for his own safety
this contributed to the damage
it was reasonably foreseeable that he would suffer harm
The defendant should plead contributory negligence at the earliest opportunity (certainly in the defence) and set out how the claimant’s failure to take reasonable care contributed either to the cause of the accident or the injuries or both.
Set out below are the types of road traffic accidents where findings of contributory negligence are often found.
Rules 99 — 102 of the Highway Code require that
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