Contracts for Difference (CfD)—key features
Produced in partnership with CMS

The following Energy practice note produced in partnership with CMS provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Contracts for Difference (CfD)—key features
  • Electricity market reform (EMR)
  • The Contract for Difference (CfD)—the basics of the mechanism
  • What is the legal basis of the CfD mechanism?
  • What are the key aspects of the CfD mechanism?
  • The CfD contract standard terms
  • Who are the key parties involved in the CfD mechanism?
  • CfD—application, allocation and auction
  • Allocation Rounds to date and expected future Allocation Rounds
  • Eligibility criteria for applying for support
  • More...

Contracts for Difference (CfD)—key features

Electricity market reform (EMR)

The EMR programme was developed by the government to promote investment in secure forms of capacity and affordable low carbon energy generation.

The key mechanisms used to implement EMR were:

  1. the Contracts for Difference (CfD) regime, which is the subject matter of this Practice Note and takes the form of a contract (CfD contract) providing owners of new build low carbon generation projects a long term stable income in respect of the electricity they generate when their plant has been built and begins operating

  2. the Capacity Market (CM) regime, which provides a regular payment/retainer to reliable forms of electricity capacity (in the form of generation plant, electricity storage (such as batteries), reduction in electricity demand and international interconnection wires), in return for such capacity being available when the system needs that boost. See Practice Note: Capacity Market—key features

  3. the Carbon Price Floor, implemented to support the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) (see Practice Note: Emissions controls and carbon pricing in respect of carbon emissions from UK fossil fuel powered electricity generation).The UK’s Carbon Price Floor was introduced to work in conjunction with the EU ETS scheme by underpinning the price of carbon at a level that drives low carbon investment

  4. the Emissions Performance Standard, a duty imposed on the operators of ‘fossil fuel plants’ consented (or undergoing

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