The following Commercial practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note provides an overview of the Consumer Rights Act 2015 (CRA 2015). The CRA 2015 provides consumer rights and remedies in respect of goods, digital content, and services, and reformed the law on unfair terms in consumer contracts. This Practice Note considers the aims of the CRA 2015 and the key definitions, controls on restrictions of liability, and rules on the treatment of unfair terms in consumer contracts contained therein. It also briefly considers the reform of enforcement powers, extension of civil remedies, and consumer collective actions for anti-competitive behaviour under the CRA 2015, as well as the provisions relating to letting agents and secondary ticketing.
The CRA 2015 received Royal Assent on 26 March 2015 and provided for a major overhaul and rationalisation of consumer law in the UK. In particular, the CRA 2015 covers consumer rights and remedies for the sale of goods and the supply of services and digital content, and reforms the law on unfair terms in consumer contracts. In addition, it introduced changes to the enforcement of consumer law. The CRA 2015 took effect on 1 October 2015.
The territorial application of the CRA 2015 extends to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, with certain specific exceptions.
For more detailed consideration of the application of the CRA 2015 to goods, services, digital
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SRA Code of Conduct for individuals and firmsThis Practice Note provides guidance on the SRA Codes of Conduct, contained in the SRA Standards and Regulations, in force from 25 November 2019. The SRA Standards and Regulations include two Codes of Conduct—a Code forSolicitors, RELs and RFLs and a Code
RobberyRobberyRobbery is a theft offence, involving dishonesty but elevated also by the intention to use force.Robbery can only be tried in the Crown Court on indictment and is categorised as a class 3 offence.Elements of the offence of robberyA person is guilty of robbery if:•they steal something,
Common law offence of false imprisonmentThe offence of false imprisonmentFalse imprisonment is a common law offence but it is more common as a civil action in tort (see Practice Note: False imprisonment).It is triable only on indictment. It may be classified in class 2A, 2B or 3 in accordance with
Stay of proceedings—when can you apply to stay a claim?This Practice Note considers the question of when court proceedings can be stayed. It identifies scenarios in which a party may apply for a stay of proceedings, including to allow for: a jurisdictional challenge; arbitration; an attempt to
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