Construction phase—site management and on-site health and safety requirements
Construction phase—site management and on-site health and safety requirements

The following Construction practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Construction phase—site management and on-site health and safety requirements
  • The importance of CDM
  • The central role played by the main contractor on site
  • The importance of 'information' and having proper a document management system in place
  • What are contractors required to do?
  • Statutory duties
  • Preventing access by unauthorised persons
  • Specific CDM health and safety requirements
  • Specific CDM welfare arrangements to be put in place
  • Personal protective equipment

In a typical construction project, the main contractor takes responsibility for the site with effect from the date of possession and then remains responsible for it until practical completion. For example, JCT Insurance Options A requires the main contractor to have in place a joint insurance policy until the practical completion certificate has been issued (see Practice Note: JCT contracts—insurance).

The importance of CDM

The UK construction industry employs more than two million people, more than 6% of the UK workforce. However, despite considerable improvements in culture, processes and risk controls, it still remains one of the most dangerous industries to work in with on average 40–50 deaths on construction sites each year.

The industry has been living with 'Construction (Design and Management) Regulations' since 1994. In fact, there have been three sets of 'CDM Regulations' since then. The latest incarnation came about in part due to the last government's keenness for de-regulation, in part due to the fact that the original (1994) regulations did not transpose the EU Temporary or Mobile Construction Sites Directive accurately, and in part because most fatalities now occur on small sites where fewer than 15 people work (the reverse of the historical picture). Accordingly, the current regulations apply equally to smaller construction sites and are more relevant to their needs.

The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM 2015), SI 2015/51 and

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