The Heat Network Metering and Billing Regulations—heat supplier and landlord obligations
Produced in partnership with Tom Bainbridge of Lux Nova Partners
The Heat Network Metering and Billing Regulations—heat supplier and landlord obligations

The following Environment practice note produced in partnership with Tom Bainbridge of Lux Nova Partners provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • The Heat Network Metering and Billing Regulations—heat supplier and landlord obligations
  • What do the Regulations apply to?
  • Core obligations
  • Enforcement
  • Obligation to notify details of qualifying systems
  • Obligation to install heat meters or heat cost allocators and thermostatic radiator valves
  • Viable class
  • Open class
  • Exempt class
  • Obligation to issue compliant heat bills
  • More...

The Heat Network (Metering and Billing) Regulations 2014, SI 2014/3120, as amended (the Regulations) transpose parts of the EU Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU, relating to final customer energy metering and the provision of billing information.

The Regulations were introduced to bring communal and district heating more in line with gas and electricity sectors where such matters are governed in detail, in order to:

  1. make consumers more aware of what they are being charged

  2. encourage more economical use of heat and

  3. empower consumers to challenge their heat supplier on the performance of the heating system and to minimise inefficiencies

Note, following the UK’s departure from the EU, the Energy Efficiency Directive is not retained in UK law. However the final customer energy metering and provision of billing information requirements stemming from the Energy Efficiency Directive are retained through the Regulations. For more information on the status of EU law in the UK after Brexit, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law—EU law after Brexit.

The government has published guidance on the Regulations: ‘‘Guidance: Heat Network (Metering and Billing) Regulations 2014 (as amended in 2015 and 2020)’ published in November 2020 (the Guidance).

For a detailed summary of the regulatory and contractual issues associated with communal heating or district heating network projects in the UK, see Practice Note: District Heating Networks in England and Wales: The evolving regulatory and contractual

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