Climate regulation—Spain—Q&A guide
Climate regulation—Spain—Q&A guide

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Climate regulation—Spain—Q&A guide
  • 1. Do any international agreements or regulations on climate matters apply in your country?
  • 2. How are the regulatory policies of your country affected by international regulations on climate matters?
  • 3. Outline recent government policy on climate matters.
  • 4. Identify the main national laws and regulations on climate matters.
  • 5. Identify the national regulatory authorities responsible for climate regulation and its implementation and administration. Outline their areas of competence.
  • 6. What are the main sources of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) (or other regulated emissions) in your country and the quantities of emissions from those sources? Describe any limitation or reduction obligations. Do they apply to private parties in your country?
  • 7. Describe any major GHG emission reduction projects implemented or to be implemented in your country. Describe any similar projects in other countries involving the participation of government authorities or private parties from your country.
  • 8. Describe the main commercial aspects of the climate sector in your country, including any related government policies.
  • 9. Do any obligations for GHG emission limitation, reduction or removal apply to your country and private parties in your country? If so, describe the main obligations.
  • More...

Climate regulation—Spain—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to climate regulation in Spain published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: August 2020).

Authors: Uría Menéndez—Carlos de Miguel; Jesús Andrés Sedano Lorenzo

1. Do any international agreements or regulations on climate matters apply in your country?

Spain adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 9 May 1992, which entered into force on 21 March 1994. The UNFCCC was developed by the Kyoto Protocol on 11 December 1997, which was ratified by Spain on 29 April 1998. The Kyoto Protocol provided for certain emission targets of greenhouse gases and established a specific time frame for their fulfilment. On 22 April 2016, Spain ratified the Paris Agreement resulting from the Paris climate conference (COP 21). The agreement sets out a global action plan to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C, and its main obligations apply from 2020 henceforward.  

The European Union has approved several regulations on climate change with the aim of obtaining a reduction of the GHG emissions of the member states. Directive 2003/87/EC of 13 October 2003 (as subsequently amended) establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the EU is the main regulation approved by the EU. This Directive was implemented in Spain through Law No.

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