The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
11 pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time (referred to in UK law as ‘IP completion day’), key transitional arrangements come to an end and significant changes begin to take effect across the UK’s legal regime. Any changes relevant to this content will be set out below. For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.
The Climate Change Act 2008 (CCA 2008) established a legally binding target for the UK to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 80% from 1990 levels by 2050.
The target was originally 60% but was amended following scientific evidence from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Second Assessment Report and advice from the Committee on Climate Change (CCC).
In December 2011, the Department of Energy and Climate Change (as it then was) published the Carbon Plan, which set out the government's plans for decarbonisation across all sectors. This updates and supersedes the 2009 Low Carbon Transition Plan. See Practice Note: The Carbon Plan [Archived].
The Climate Change Act 2008 (2050 Target Amendment) Order 2019, SI 2019/1056 came into force on 27 June 2019 and amended the legally binding target set in CCA 2008, s
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What is a company's constitution?A company’s 'constitution' is defined under the Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006) as including:•the company’s articles of association, and•any resolutions and agreements affecting a company’s constitutionThe CA 2006 definition of 'constitution' is not exhaustive and also
There may be times when, rather than assigning the benefit of an agreement to a third party, the original parties wish instead to end their obligations to each other under that agreement and, in effect, recreate it, with the third party stepping into the shoes of one of the original parties. This is
Having established that a duty of care exists (see Practice Note: Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?), it is then necessary to consider whether or not there has been a breach of that duty. This will depend on a number of factors outlined below and considered against the general background of
A certificate of title (also known as a certificate on title) is a particular species of report on title.When solicitors are instructed to investigate title to land (for instance, when land is being acquired or offered up as security), they will write a report on title for their client, which sets
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