Classes of title
Classes of title

The following Property guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Classes of title
  • Absolute title
  • Qualified title
  • Possessory freehold title
  • Good leasehold title
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The class of title reflects the quality of title that the registrar has found on examination of the unregistered title deeds, and other evidence lodged at the time of first registration.

Both freehold and leasehold estates can be registered with either:

  1. absolute title,

  2. qualified title, or

  3. possessory title

Leasehold estates can also be registered with:

  1. good leasehold title

Absolute title

Absolute title is granted if the Chief Land Registrar (the registrar):

  1. is satisfied that a competent professional adviser would properly advise a willing buyer to accept it, and

  2. in the case of leasehold only, approves the landlord’s title to grant the lease

The registrar may disregard the fact that the title appears to be open to objection if they believe that the defect will not cause the holding under the title to be disturbed.

The estate is vested in the proprietor together with all interests subsisting for the benefit of the estate and subject to the following interests affecting the estate at the time of registration:

  1. registered interests—in the case of leasehold only, the register entries will include notice of any restrictive covenants affecting the superior title, and such covenants are not overriding interests so far as they affect an absolute leasehold title in relation to the estate

  2. interests acquired under the Limitation Act 1980 of which the proprietor has notice

  3. unregistered interests which