The following Immigration practice note Produced in partnership with Daniel Bunting of 2 Dr. Johnson's Buildings provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The transport industry has various legal obligations regarding carrying passengers into the UK. These are:
to adequately check the travel documents of passengers
to prevent clandestine entrants to the UK
to provide specified advance electronic information to the UK Border Force regarding passengers or crews of ships or aircraft, and
to seek and obtain authority to carry a passenger to the UK in accordance with the Authority to Carry Scheme 2015
In addition, there are a range of miscellaneous offences that relate to the activities of carriers.
The UK Border Force, acting on behalf of the Secretary of State for the Home Department (SSHD) may charge the owner of a ship or aircraft a fixed penalty of £2,000 where a passenger arrives in the UK without proper documents.
Section 40(1) of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (IAA 1999) states that a passenger without proper documents is a passenger who:
requires leave to enter, and
arrives in the UK by ship or aircraft, and
who fails to produce, when required by an immigration officer (IO), the following:
an immigration document which is in force and which establishes the passenger's identity and nationality or citizenship, and
a visa of the required kind (if the passenger requires a
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