Care Quality Commission—inspections and reviews
Produced in partnership with Tim Spencer-Lane and Neil Grant of Gordon's Solicitors
Care Quality Commission—inspections and reviews

The following Local Government guidance note Produced in partnership with Tim Spencer-Lane and Neil Grant of Gordon's Solicitors provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Care Quality Commission—inspections and reviews
  • What is the CQC?
  • The relevant legal framework for inspections and reviews
  • Reviews and performance assessments
  • Types of inspection
  • Inspections of NHS trusts
  • Inspections of GP practices
  • Independent healthcare services
  • Inspection of adult social care providers
  • Who carries out inspections?
  • more

This Practice Note sets out the powers and practice of the Care Quality Commission (CQC) when conducting inspections and reviews of registered care providers.

What is the CQC?

The CQC is a non-departmental statutory body, sponsored by the Department of Health and Social Care, responsible for regulating health and social care services in England, as well as protecting the interests of people whose rights are restricted under the Mental Health Act 1983 (MeHA 1983). See Practice Note: Care Quality Commission (CQC).

The relevant legal framework for inspections and reviews

The CQC’s inspection and review powers, and statutory requirements, are set out in the following:

  1. Health and Social Care Act 2008 (HSCA 2008)

  2. Health and Social Care Act 2008 (Regulated Activities) Regulations, SI 2014/2936

  3. Care Quality Commission (Reviews and Performance Assessments) Regulations 2018, SI 2018/54, and

  4. Care Quality Commission (Registration) Regulations, SI 2009/3112

Reviews and performance assessments

The CQC is required to conduct periodic reviews, assess performance and publish reports of such assessments (known as ratings) in respect of any prescribed regulated activities. The regulations specify, for example, that personal or nursing care by certain providers and most regulated activities of NHS (National Health Service) trusts fall under this duty.

The CQC has responsibility for determining the quality indicators, against which services and providers are assessed. This may include measures of

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