The following Environment practice note Produced in partnership with Begonia Filgueira FIEMA of Acuity Legal provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
As of exit day (31 January 2020), the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content.
For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.
The Kyoto Protocol (the Protocol) is an international agreement adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which commits its parties (including the UK and the EU) by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets. It was adopted on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005.
The first commitment period under the Protocol started in 2008 and ended in 2012. A second commitment period runs from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020 for those Annex I (industrialized) Parties (including the UK and the EU) who agreed to take on new commitments. The UK accepted this second commitment (Doha amendment) on 17 November 2017.
The differences between the first and second commitment are:
new rules on how developed countries are to account for emissions from land use and forestry
nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) is now classed as a greenhouse gas
Under the Protocol, EU members are committed to reducing their collective
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Private nuisancePrivate nuisance is an unlawful interference with a person's use or enjoyment of land or some right over or in connection with it. Interference must be unreasonable, and may be caused, eg by water, smoke, smell, fumes, gas, noise, heat or vibrations. Where the defendant has not
You may apply simplified customer due diligence (SDD) measures in relation to particular business relationships or transactions which you determine present a low risk of money laundering or terrorist financing, having taken into account:•your organisation-wide risk assessment—see Practice Note:
Involuntary manslaughter—introductionManslaughter can be classified as either voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element—hence the label voluntary manslaughter) but which are reduced to
This Practice Note considers the doctrine of forum non conveniens, also referred to as the appropriate forum or the proper place for a dispute to be determined. This doctrine is of relevance when determining whether the courts of England and Wales have jurisdiction to hear a dispute and is applied
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