The following Environment practice note Produced in partnership with Navraj Singh Ghaleigh of Senior Lecturer in Climate Law, University of Edinburgh provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
As of exit day (31 January 2020), the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content.
For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.
The pricing of carbon internationally, especially by emissions trading schemes (ETS), has become significantly more widespread in recent years. Previously concentrated in the EU, since 2012 the number of carbon pricing instruments has increased globally from 20–38, tripling its coverage to about half the emissions in regulating states and regions. ETS cover 8% of global emissions or 4.7 GtCO2e (ie four point seven billion metrics tonnes of carbon dioxide, and equivalent gases). Of these the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the largest by volume, covering 2 GtCO2e. The seven Chinese pilot emissions trading schemes are approximately half that size at 1 GtCO2e, and the various US schemes total 0.5GtCO2e. .
Experiments with emissions trading started in the US in the 1970s and 1980s in the context of action against ‘acid rain’ and sulphur dioxide (‘SOx’) rather than climate change. The resultant Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (104 Stat. 2468, P.L. 101-549) (the Act) created the
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This Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions of the CPR. Depending on the court in which your matter is proceeding, you may also need to be mindful of additional provisions—see further below.What is a Part 8 claim?A Part 8 claim is a claim
Brexit: The UK's departure from the EU on exit day ie Friday 31 January 2020 has implications for practitioners dealing with provisions in the CPR relevant to cross border matters, including CPR 5.4C (discussed below). For guidance on the impact of Brexit on the CPR, see Cross border
Scott Schedules are often very useful in construction disputes. They help to identify the key issues between the parties, and to set out for the judge in a single document a summary of the parties’ rival cases on an item-by-item basis.The need for a Scott Schedule in construction cases arises
Lawful arrest—human rightsThe right to liberty is a fundamental principle of the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA 1998), which itself gives effect to the rights contained in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (see Practice Note: An introduction to the Human Rights Act 1998). The exercise of
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