The following IP Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
It has been assumed that copyright subsists in the works under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (CDPA 1988). See Practice Note: Copyright—subsistence and qualification. It has also been assumed that the law of England and Wales applies.
This Q&A covers copyright law only.
In the US, the copyright in any work belongs initially to its author. In the case of a work made for hire, the employer or other person for whom the work was prepared is considered the author unless the parties have expressly agreed otherwise in a written instrument signed by them. For further detail, see EF&P: USA: authorship ownership and transfer of copyright: Encyclopaedia of Forms and Precedents .
For original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works in the UK, CDPA 1988, s 9 defines the author of each category of work as the person who created it. The first owner of any copyright in a work is the author (CDPA 1988, s11(1)).
The first owner of the copyright in a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work or in a film made after 1 July 1994, made by an employee in the course of his employment will be the employer (unless there is agreement to the contrary) (CDPA 1988, s 11(2)).
In the UK, copyright in a commissioned work belongs to the author in the
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Tipping off and prejudicing an investigationIt would undermine the benefit to the authorities if, a suspicious activity report (SAR) having been made, the alleged offender were to be made aware of the interest in their activities so that they could take steps to cover up their misdeeds or disappear.
What is a company's constitution?A company’s 'constitution' is defined under the Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006) as including:•the company’s articles of association, and•any resolutions and agreements affecting a company’s constitutionThe CA 2006 definition of 'constitution' is not exhaustive and also
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A certificate of title (also known as a certificate on title) is a particular species of report on title.When solicitors are instructed to investigate title to land (for instance, when land is being acquired or offered up as security), they will write a report on title for their client, which sets
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