Brexit timeline
Brexit timeline

The following Public Law guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Brexit timeline
  • Presidencies of the Council of the EU
  • Further reading
  • Timeline—2019
  • Timeline—2018
  • Timeline—2017

On 23 June 2016, the UK held a referendum on its membership of the EU, with a majority voting in favour of the UK leaving the EU (aka 'Brexit'). On 29 March 2017, the UK Prime Minister gave formal notification of the UK's intention to withdraw from the EU, commencing the withdrawal process under Article 50 TEU, see: Brexit: UK Article 50 TEU notification starts the clock—what happens now?

This Practice Note sets out the timeline of key events and updates (in reverse chronological order) from the point that the UK triggered Article 50 TEU on 29 March 2017. Details of events leading up to that date are available in our Brexit timeline [Archived].

To track key developments and progress of legislation introduced as part of the UK’s domestic legislative preparation for Brexit, see: Brexit legislation tracker.

Presidencies of the Council of the EU

The presidencies of the Council of the EU during the period from the referendum in June 2016 until October 2019 (ie the period during which withdrawal preparations take place) are as follows:

  1. The Netherlands: January to June 2016

  2. Slovakia: July to December 2016

  3. Malta: January to June 2017

  4. Estonia: July to December 2017

  5. Bulgaria: January to June 2018

  6. Austria: July to December 2018

  7. Romania: January to June 2019

  8. Finland: July to December 2019*

*Member states holding the presidency work in groups of three, referred to as 'trios', over