The following Corporate practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
IP COMPLETION DAY: 11pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time (referred to in UK law as ‘IP completion day’), key transitional arrangements come to an end and significant changes begin to take effect across the UK’s legal regime. This document contains guidance on subjects impacted by these changes. Before continuing your research, see Practice Note: What does IP completion day mean for Corporate lawyers?
This Practice Note considers the unique contractual status of the articles of association between the company and its members, primarily under s 33(1) of the Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006). Various breaches of the articles are considered, with reference to the ability of the majority of members to ratify a breach in certain circumstances, or otherwise take appropriate action against the board or an individual director. Claims brought by a minority shareholder are discussed, particularly personal actions for alleged breaches of ‘membership rights’ arising under the constitutional contract. Reference is also briefly made to derivative actions, unfair prejudice claims and winding-up.
Unless the context otherwise requires, a company’s constitution is defined under the CA 2006 to include:
the company’s articles of association, and
any resolutions and agreements affecting a company’s constitution
Before 1 October 2009, the memorandum of
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This Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan to value ratioIt explains:
This Practice Note covers the legal framework and regulatory guidance to be considered in determining whether an arrangement constitutes a contract of insurance and the possible consequences of carrying on activities relating to a contract of insurance without the requisite regulatory permissionsThe
A limited company that proposes to issue redeemable shares must comply with the provisions of the Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006).Why do companies issue redeemable shares?A company may wish to issue redeemable shares so that it has an alternative way to return surplus capital to shareholders without
Brexit: The UK's departure from the EU on exit day ie Friday 31 January 2020 has implications for practitioners dealing with provisions in the CPR relevant to cross border matters, including CPR 5.4C (discussed below). For guidance on the impact of Brexit on the CPR, see Cross border
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