The following Environment practice note Produced in partnership with Laura Bolado provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
A large number of species of wild birds which occur naturally in the EU territory are in decline. To reverse this trend, the EU introduced a general system prohibiting practices (killing and capturing of birds, destruction of nests, taking of eggs, etc.) which threaten the conservation of bird species namely Directive 79/409/EEC, which was the first Birds Directive (the ‘First Birds Directive’). This was the first EU legislative text relating to nature. It established for the first time a general system for the protection of all species of wild
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When is quantum meruit and quantum valebat relevant?Claims in quantum meruit (value of services) and quantum valebat (value of goods) arise in diverse situations ranging from where contractual terms are silent on issues of payment to where there is no contract at all (Serck v Drake & Scull).General
Millett LJ subdivided types of constructive trust into two categories, distinguishing between:•the constructive trust proper, where equity intervenes to prevent the legal owner from unconscionably denying the beneficial interest of another (known as the institutional constructive trust)•the
This Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions of the CPR. Depending on the court in which your matter is proceeding, you may also need to be mindful of additional provisions—see further below.Note: this Practice Note does not deal with the
Deceit—what is it?A deceit occurs when a misrepresentation is made with the express intention of defrauding a party, subsequently causing loss to that party.The elements of a claim in deceit are:•a clear false representation of fact or law•fraud by the maker, in the sense that they knew that the
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