The following Competition practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Intellectual property laws confer exclusive rights on holders of patents, copyright, design rights, trademarks and other legally protected rights. The owner of intellectual property rights (IPRs) is entitled to prevent unauthorised use of its intellectual property and to exploit it, for example, by licensing it to third parties. At the same time, this right of exploitation does not mean that IPRs are immune from competition law intervention. As any other agreement, agreements concerning IPRs (eg licenses allowing the licensee to exploit the licensor’s IPRs) have to be compatible with Article 101(1) TFEU.
For most potential licensees and licensors, a first step in determining the compatibility of their arrangements with EU competition law will be to assess whether they may benefit from a block exemption regulation. The block exemption regulation that is most likely to apply to an IP licence is the Technology Transfer Block Exemption Regulation (TTBE, Regulation 316/2014), the latest version of which came into force on 1 May 2014 and expires on 30 April 2026. Article 2 of the TTBE exempts technology transfer agreements from the scope of Article 101(1) TFEU. This Practice Note sets out the scope of the TTBE and explains the conditions technology transfer agreements have to fulfil to benefit from it.
The TTBE only applies to agreements that qualify as ‘technology transfer
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Having established that a duty of care exists (see Practice Note: Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?), it is then necessary to consider whether or not there has been a breach of that duty. This will depend on a number of factors outlined below and considered against the general background of
This Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions of the CPR. Depending on the court in which your matter is proceeding, you may also need to be mindful of additional provisions—see further below.Note: this Practice Note does not deal with the
Disposal and devolutionThe equity of redemption arises as soon as the mortgage is made. It is an interest in the land which the mortgagor can:•transfer, lease or mortgage inter vivos, or•by will (it passes on intestacy)No cloggingIt is a fundamental principle of a mortgage that there must be no clog
Case number [insert number][In the principal registryORIn the [insert court location] FAMILY court]Sitting at [insert place]Notice of actingBetween[insert petitioner name]Petitionerand[insert respondent name]RespondentTake notice that we [insert name of firm] have been appointed to act as the
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