Artificial intelligence—introduction to the technology
Produced in partnership with Dr. David Bisset of iTechnic Ltd
Last updated on 28/07/2020

The following TMT practice note produced in partnership with Dr. David Bisset of iTechnic Ltd provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Artificial intelligence—introduction to the technology
  • What is artificial intelligence?
  • Common types of artificial intelligence
  • The basic technology
  • AI building blocks
  • AI specialisms
  • Systems
  • Robots
  • The knowledge pyramid
  • Data
  • More...

Artificial intelligence—introduction to the technology

This purpose of this Practice Note is to explain the basics of artificial intelligence (AI) technology and potential applications. It covers:

  1. What is artificial intelligence?

  2. Common types of artificial intelligence

  3. The basic technology

  4. The knowledge pyramid

  5. Learning in artificial intelligence

  6. The application of artificial intelligence

  7. Key challenges for artificial intelligence

For a timeline of key legal developments in relation to AI, see Practice Note: Artificial intelligence—tracker.

What is artificial intelligence?

The term ‘artificial intelligence’ was coined in 1956 at the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, a summer workshop set up to accelerate the development of AI as a new technology.

Its use as a term has periodically fallen out of favour until its recent resurgence, a resurgence that has seen it far more widely used outside of the technical community than previously. This resurgence can be explained by the maturity of AI technologies, their potential impact and widespread usage. AI has reached this point because increased computing power has allowed AI software to run at useful speeds. A notable example of the implementation of AI as a result of increased capacity and processing is the smart phone.

AI refers to systems that are designed to perform in human-like ways. They may, for example, mimic the human ability to perceive, analyse, learn, reason and deduce.

The capability of these systems is growing but still limited, for

Related documents:
Key definition:
Artificial intelligence definition
What does Artificial intelligence mean?

Technology with the ability to perform tasks that would otherwise require human intelligence and which, usually, have the capacity to learn or adapt to new experiences or stimuli, including machine learning, speech and natural language processing, robotics and autonomous systems.

Popular documents